Gaumukh Origin Point of Religious Ganga River
Gaumukh is one of the divine sites for Hindu pilgrims who visit this place to witness the birth of River Ganga. One can reach Gaumukh through this trek which is the mythological source of mother Ganga, located at the terminus of Gangotri Glacier which is encircled by peaks related to the Gangotri group of mountains, some of which are challenging for mountaineers such as Shivling, Thalay Sagar, Meru and Bhagirathi lll.
The word Gaumukh literally means the ‘Mouth of a Cow’. It is said that earlier the terminus was exactly looked like a mouth of a cow. It is situated at a height of 13,200 ft. in Uttarkashi in the state if Uttarakhand.
It finds its mention in Puranas. It is said that once a shepherd went near Gangotri Galciers in search of lost sheep he found a terminus which was exactly looking like a cow’s mouth, thus the place got its name as ‘Gaumukh’. Since then, many saints, travellers as well as religious people went there to worship.
Gaumukh is located in the foot hills of Bhagirathi at distance of 18kms from Gangotri. Here Bhagirathi River flows very fast. Around the terminus, nature offers a wild topography. One can find boulders dispersed here & there with snow pieces along with tough clayey snow of the glaciers.
The first and most important thing for Gaumukh trek is that you need to take permission to trek from District Forest Office, Uttarkashi and hire a guide from there.